The widely linear quaternion recursive total least squares
2015 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing (ICASSP)
A widely linear quaternion recursive total least squares (WL-QRTLS) algorithm is introduced for the processing of Qimproper processes contaminated by noise. The total least squares for quaternions (QTLS) is a generalisation of the real-valued total least squares and is introduced rigorously, starting from the existence condition for low-rank approximation of quaternion matrices. Then, a quaternion Rayleigh quotient (QRQ) is defined to establish the link between the QTLS solution and the
... ion and the minimisation of the QRQ. Finally, the rank-one update formula is employed to allow for fast iterative solution based on the QRQ. Through simulations, the WL-QRTLS was shown to exhibit superior performance, under perturbations on both input and output signals, to other adaptive filtering of the same class -the widely linear quaternion least mean squares (WL-QLMS) and the widely linear quaternion recursive least squares (WL-QRLS). The experiments on both synthetic and real-world Q-improper processes supported the analysis.