Answering Contextual Questions Based on the Cohesion with Knowledge

TATSUNORI MORI, SHIMPEI KAWAGUCHI, MADOKA ISHIOROSHI
2007 International Journal of Computer Processing Of Languages  
In this paper, we introduce the notion "the cohesion with the knowledge", and, based on it, propose a question answering system to answer contextual questions using a non-contextual QA system. The contextual questions usually have some cohesive relation to their context like reference expressions. Therefore, systems have to detect the cohesion and resolve the reference relations to answer the questions. Previous works usually address this problem in terms of the cohesion with the context. On
more » ... the context. On the other hand, we address the problem by using the notion "the cohesion with the knowledge." First of all, the proposed method detects reference expressions in a given question. Second, it generates all possible completed question candidates by gathering antecedent candidates corresponding to reference expressions using I) the selectional restriction based on a case-frame dictionary and a thesaurus, or II) a modified version of the centering theory and I). As the degree of cohesion with the knowledge for each question candidate, we adopt the score of answer for each question candidate produced by a non-contextual QA system. The experimental results show that Strategy I is effective to improve the accuracy of answering the question series of the gathering type, on the other hand, Strategy II is effective for the question series of the browsing type.
doi:10.1142/s0219427907001615 fatcat:46idwbrbajgn3jxga7dwqf6odq