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During a power outage, substations require a power supply back-up in form of batteries to resume the control functionality. Traditionally, Flooded Lead-Acid (FLA) batteries are utilized in substations as power back-up. Even though new battery technologies have emerged, it is still the battery of choice. Lithium-Ion (Li-Ion) batteries have found wide acceptance in other areas but rarely as power back-up in substations. This is due to the high initial investment costs and the lacking experiencedoi:10.34890/779 fatcat:me3so5vicbg77ct4j7g3w6sdd4