Contribution of genetic variation to transgenerational inheritance of DNA methylation

Allan F McRae, Joseph E Powell, Anjali K Henders, Lisa Bowdler, Gibran Hemani, Sonia Shah, Jodie N Painter, Nicholas G Martin, Peter M Visscher, Grant W Montgomery
2014 Genome Biology  
Despite the important role DNA methylation plays in transcriptional regulation, the transgenerational inheritance of DNA methylation is not well understood. The genetic heritability of DNA methylation has been estimated using twin pairs, although concern has been expressed whether the underlying assumption of equal common environmental effects are applicable due to intrauterine differences between monozygotic and dizygotic twins. We estimate the heritability of DNA methylation on peripheral
more » ... d leukocytes using Illumina HumanMethylation450 array using a family based sample of 614 people from 117 families, allowing comparison both within and across generations. Results: The correlations from the various available relative pairs indicate that on average the similarity in DNA methylation between relatives is predominantly due to genetic effects with any common environmental or zygotic effects being limited. The average heritability of DNA methylation measured at probes with no known SNPs is estimated as 0.187. The ten most heritable methylation probes were investigated with a genome-wide association study, all showing highly statistically significant cis mQTLs. Further investigation of one of these cis mQTL, found in the MHC region of chromosome 6, showed the most significantly associated SNP was also associated with over 200 other DNA methylation probes in this region and the gene expression level of 9 genes.
doi:10.1186/gb-2014-15-5-r73 pmid:24887635 pmcid:PMC4072933 fatcat:kfc2hsyrjvgmfftf3s44relria