Neutrophil Survival Signaling During Francisella tularensis Infection

Lauren C. Kinkead, Lauren C. Kinkead, Lauren C. Kinkead, Samantha J. Krysa, Samantha J. Krysa, Samantha J. Krysa, Lee-Ann H. Allen, Lee-Ann H. Allen, Lee-Ann H. Allen, Lee-Ann H. Allen, Lee-Ann H. Allen, Lee-Ann H. Allen (+1 others)
2022 Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology  
Neutrophils are the most abundant and shortest-lived leukocytes in humans and tight regulation of neutrophil turnover via constitutive apoptosis is essential for control of infection and resolution of inflammation. Accordingly, aberrant neutrophil turnover is hallmark of many disease states. We have shown in previous work that the intracellular bacterial pathogen Francisella tularensis markedly prolongs human neutrophil lifespan. This is achieved, in part, by changes in neutrophil gene
more » ... n. Still unknown is the contribution of major neutrophil pro-survival signaling cascades to this process. The objective of this study was to interrogate the contributions of ERK and p38 MAP kinase, Class I phosphoinositide 3-kinases (PI3K), AKT, and NF-κB to neutrophil survival in our system. We demonstrate that both ERK2 and p38α were activated in F. tularensis-infected neutrophils, but only p38α MAPK was required for delayed apoptosis and the rate of cell death in the absence of infection was unchanged. Apoptosis of both infected and uninfected neutrophils was markedly accelerated by the pan-PI3K inhibitor LY2094002, but AKT phosphorylation was not induced, and neutrophil death was not enhanced by AKT inhibitors. In addition, isoform specific and selective inhibitors revealed a unique role for PI3Kα in neutrophil survival after infection, whereas only simultaneous inhibition of PI3Kα and PI3kδ accelerated death of the uninfected controls. Finally, we show that inhibition of NF-κB triggered rapid death of neutrophil after infection. Thus, we defined roles for p38α, PI3Kα and NF-κB delayed apoptosis of F. tularensis-infected cells and advanced understanding of Class IA PI3K isoform activity in human neutrophil survival.
doi:10.3389/fcimb.2022.889290 pmid:35873156 pmcid:PMC9299441 doaj:b37a21a94ecc407eadd78be525f40c0c fatcat:tcdogn5nynfzpcofjoni3kc7im