Changes in the distribution of membranous organelles during mouse early development
Journal of embryology and experimental morphology
The unfertilized oocyte, fertilized egg and early embryo (2-cell to 16-cell) of the mouse have been examined immunocytochemically for the distribution of antigens associated with the endoplasmic reticulum, the lysosomal and acidic vesicle fraction (100 kD antigen), Golgi apparatus (135 kD antigen) and coated vesicles (clathrin). The distribution of these antigens has also been examined in isolated 8-cell and 16-cell-stage blastomeres of various ages and phenotypes. Endoplasmic reticulum is
... c reticulum is detected only weakly in the oocyte and egg, but is seen abundantly at later stages both in association with the nuclear membrane and evenly distributed throughout the cytoplasm, except in regions of cell:cell apposition from which it is excluded. Intracellular clathrin is associated with the spindle in mitotic and meiotic cells. During interphase, clathrin is distributed throughout the cell until the mid-8-cell stage when it is concentrated into the apical region of the cell under the region of membrane at which a surface pole of microvilli will form subsequently. Thus, the cytoplasmic polarization of clathrin precedes overt polarization at the surface. At mitosis, the clathrin relocates to the spindle and is distributed to both daughter cells. It resumes an apical location beneath the surface pole of microvilli in polar daughter 1/16 cells, but remains dispersed in apolar daughter 1/16 cells. Both the lysosomal and Golgi antigens are distributed throughout the cytoplasm until the early 16-cell stage. In pairs of 16-cell blastomeres both antigens aggregate in a single cluster and do so whether the surface phenotype of the blastomeres is polar or apolar. The position of this cluster is not consistently related to the point of contact with the other cell in the pair but there is a suggestion that in cells with a polar surface phenotype the polar foci of Golgi/lysosomal antigens are located between the nucleus and the surface pole at earlier time points, but shift to a position between the basolateral membrane and the nucleus at the later time point. In intact 16-cell embryos also, the aggregated Golgi/lysosomal antigens of polar cells appear to localize to the basal region. The distributions of these various organelles in embryonic cells reported here show a number of differences from those reported previously for mature, differentiated cells.