Gene dosage screens in yeast reveal core signalling pathways controlling heat adaptation [article]

Cosimo Jann, Andreas Johansson, Justin D Smith, Leopold Parts, Lars M Steinmetz
2020 bioRxiv   pre-print
Heat stress causes proteins to unfold and lose their function, jeopardizing essential cellular processes. To protect against heat and proteotoxic stress, cells mount a dedicated stress-protective programme, the so-called heat shock response (HSR). Our understanding of the mechanisms that regulate the HSR and their contributions to heat resistance and growth is incomplete. Here we employ CRISPRi/a to down- or upregulate protein kinases and transcription factors in S. cerevisiae. We measure gene
more » ... unctions by quantifying perturbation effects on HSR activity, thermotolerance, and cellular fitness at 23, 30 and 38 °C. The integration of these phenotypes allowed us to identify core signalling pathways of heat adaptation and reveal novel functions for the high osmolarity glycerol, unfolded protein response and protein kinase A pathways in adjusting both thermotolerance and chaperone expression. We further provide evidence for unknown cross-talk of the HSR with the cell cycle-dependent kinase Cdc28, the primary regulator of cell cycle progression. Finally, we show that CRISPRi efficiency is temperature-dependent and that different phenotypes vary in their sensitivity to knock-down. In summary, our study quantifies regulatory gene functions in different aspects of heat adaptation and advances our understanding of how eukaryotic cells counteract proteotoxic and other heat-caused damage.
doi:10.1101/2020.08.26.267674 fatcat:ajbdkun3hncqpoo3ainlr4qzni