Effect of dietary lysine level and environmental temperature on the performance of growing-finishing pigs

J. LE DIVIDICH, Dominique RINALDO
1988 Annales de Zootechnie  
The lysine requirement of the finishing pig was studied in an experiment involving 120 Large-White female and castrated male pigs between 49.3 and 100.4 kg live weight. Six treatments including increasing supplementary levels of lysine in pure form (0.52 to 0.90 p. 100) of the diet were compared. The animals were fed the same level of diet according to live weight, representing around three times the level at maintenance. The basal diet, including wheat, soybean meal and peanut meal, contained
more » ... ut meal, contained 15.5 p. 100 crude protein and 3.17 Mcal digestible energy (DE)/kg. The maximum average daily gain of muscle, which was used as the criterion for determining the requirement, was obtained with 0.75 and 0.67 p. 100 lysine in the diet in females and castrated males, respectively. This requirement corresponded to a level of performance of 850 g live weight gain per day and 50-52 p. 100 and 47-49 p. 100 of muscle in the carcass in females and castrated males, respectively. From this result, it may be concluded that the optimum level of lysine in a practical wheat-soybean meal diet, without supplementary addition, is 0.80 p. 100 in females (2.5 g/Mcal DE or 0.6 g/MJ DE) and 0.70 p. 100 in castrated males (2.2 g/Mcal DE or 0.53 g/MJ DE), when both sexes are fed the same level of diet close to ad libitum. A trial involving 54 castrated male Large-White pigs was conducted to determine the interactive effects of environmental temperature (12, 20 and 28 °C) and dietary lysine level (0.63 -0.79 and 0.95 p. 100 during the growing period and 0.54 -0.67 and 0.84 p. 100 during the finishing period) on the performance of pigs between 29.4 and 92.2 kg. The animals were housed individually on concrete slatted floors and received the same amount of feed at the 3 temperatures. Increasing the temperature improved daily gain by 102 g between 12 and 20 °C and by 29 g between 20 and 28 °C (quadratic effect of temperature, p < 0.05). There was an interactive effect of environmental temperature and dietary lysine level on daily gain. During the growing period, there were significant differences between the daily gains provided by the extreme levels of lysine only, whereas at 28 °C daily gain was improved for each lysine level (p < 0.05). During the finishing period, daily weight gain was not influenced by dietary lysine level at 12 °C ; at 20 and 28 °C lysine level had a quadratic effect on daily gain (p < 0.01). The dietary lysine level required to maximize growth rate and feed efficiency corresponded to 0.67 p. 100. The increased lysine levels improved muscle percentage in the carcass and daily gain of muscle (quadratic effect of lysine, p < 0.05). The results suggest that the optimum lysine level is closely related to dietary energy available for growth.
doi:10.1051/animres:19880361 fatcat:4keabhbyprcsxhcabqovz3ciyi