Spectral efficiency of multi-user millimeter wave systems under single path with uniform rectangular arrays

Weiqiang Tan, Shi Jin, Chao-Kai Wen, Tao Jiang
2017 EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking  
In this paper, we investigate the downlink achievable ergodic spectral efficiency (SE) of a single-cell multi-user millimeter wave system, in which a uniform rectangular array is used at the base station (BS) to serve multiple single-antenna users. We adopt a three-dimensional channel model by considering both the azimuth and elevation dimensions under single-path propagation. We derive the achievable ergodic SE for this system in with maximum ratio transmission precoding. This analytical
more » ... is analytical expression enables the accurate and quantitative evaluation of the effect of the number of BS antennas, signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), and the crosstalk (squared inner product between different steering vectors) which is a function of the angles of departure (AoD) of users and the inter-antenna spacing. Results show that the achievable ergodic SE logarithmically increases with the number of BS antennas and converges to a value in the high SNR regime. To improve the achievable ergodic SE, we also propose a user scheduling scheme based on feedback of users' AoD information and obtain the maximum achievable ergodic SE. Furthermore, we consider a dense user scenario where every user's AoD becomes nearly identical and then derive the system's minimum achievable SE.
doi:10.1186/s13638-017-0966-4 fatcat:jppgcv7gdrew7bnup5doek5mh4