Spectral efficiency of multi-user millimeter wave systems under single path with uniform rectangular arrays
EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking
In this paper, we investigate the downlink achievable ergodic spectral efficiency (SE) of a single-cell multi-user millimeter wave system, in which a uniform rectangular array is used at the base station (BS) to serve multiple single-antenna users. We adopt a three-dimensional channel model by considering both the azimuth and elevation dimensions under single-path propagation. We derive the achievable ergodic SE for this system in with maximum ratio transmission precoding. This analytical
... is analytical expression enables the accurate and quantitative evaluation of the effect of the number of BS antennas, signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), and the crosstalk (squared inner product between different steering vectors) which is a function of the angles of departure (AoD) of users and the inter-antenna spacing. Results show that the achievable ergodic SE logarithmically increases with the number of BS antennas and converges to a value in the high SNR regime. To improve the achievable ergodic SE, we also propose a user scheduling scheme based on feedback of users' AoD information and obtain the maximum achievable ergodic SE. Furthermore, we consider a dense user scenario where every user's AoD becomes nearly identical and then derive the system's minimum achievable SE.