Potential of tannin-rich plants for modulating ruminal microbes and ruminal fermentation in sheep1

M. Rira, D. P. Morgavi, H. Archimède, C. Marie-Magdeleine, M. Popova, H. Bousseboua, M. Doreau
2015 Journal of Animal Science  
The objective of this work was to study nutritional strategies for decreasing methane production by ruminants fed tropical diets, combining in vitro and in vivo methods. The in vitro approach was used to evaluate the dose effect of condensed tannins (CT) contained in leaves of Gliricidia sepium, Leucaena leucocephala, and Manihot esculenta (39, 75, and 92 g CT/kg DM, respectively) on methane production and ruminal fermentation characteristics. Tannin-rich plants (TRP) were incubated for 24 h
more » ... ne or mixed with a natural grassland hay based on Dichanthium spp. (control plant), so that proportions of TRP were 0, 0.25, 0.5, 0.75, and 1.0. Methane production, VFA concentration, and fermented OM decreased with increased proportions of TRP. Numerical differences on methane production and VFA concentration among TRP sources may be due to differences in their CT content, with greater effects for L. leucocephala and M. esculenta than for G. sepium. Independently of TRP, the response to increasing doses of CT was linear for methane
doi:10.2527/jas.2014-7961 pmid:25568379 fatcat:cy2rstuqb5copfai2xxhnskawm