Helicobacter pylori SabA binding gangliosides of human stomach

John Benktander, Angela Barone, Miralda Madar Johansson, Susann Teneberg
2018 Figshare  
Adhesion of Helicobacter pylori to the gastric mucosa is a prerequisite for the pathogenesis of H. pylori related diseases. In this study, we investigated the ganglioside composition of human stomach as the target for attachment mediated by H. pylori SabA (sialic acid binding adhesin). Acid glycosphingolipids were isolated from human stomach and separated into subfractions, which were characterized by mass spectrometry and by binding of antibodies, bacteria, and Solanum tuberosum lectin. H.
more » ... ri SabA binding gangliosides were characterized as Neu5Acα3-neolactohexaosylceramide and Neu5Acα3-neolactooctaosylceramide, while the other acid human stomach glycosphingolipids characterized (sulfatide and the gangliosides GM3, GD3, GM1, Neu5Acα3-neolactotetraosylceramide, GD1a and GD1b) were not recognized by the bacteria. Defining H. pylori binding glycosphingolipids of the human gastric mucosa will be useful to specifically target this microbe-host interaction for therapeutic intervention.
doi:10.6084/m9.figshare.7497929 fatcat:ontgq3uikzhwrb3zn2qzgnuexu