Intraoperative, Postoperative and Long-Term Complications of VATS Treatment of Pneumothorax and Bullous Disease. A Review

Luciano Solaini, Francesco Prusciano, Leonardo Solaini, Massimiliano Carletti
2009 The Open Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery Journal  
Video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) is considered to be the standard approach in the treatment of pneumothorax and bulluous disease, even if its impact on intraoperative and postoperative morbidity and long-term complications has not been totally evaluated yet. Analysing the author's experience and the literature about this topic, this report aims to ascertain rational criteria to improve the outcomes through the knowledge of all the complications. Materials and Methodology: At Thoracic
more » ... ry Unit of S. Maria delle Croci Hospital of Ravenna (Italy) were performed 300 VATS procedures for pneumothorax or bulluous disease on 282 patients. All the patients were proposed for the resection of blebs or bullae. At the beginning pleurodesis was achieved by apical pleurectomy and then by talc poudrage. Results: A pulmonary resection was performed on 289 cases. Apical pleurectomy was carried out in 97 cases, subtotal pleurectomy in 15 cases and talc poudrage in the remaining 198. 33 intraoperative complications occurred with a conversion rate of 2.0 %. Postoperative morbidity was 7.0 % including four cases in which re-operation was carried out. Long-term complications included one Horner's Syndrome and four severe intercostal neuritis. 178 patients were followed up for a mean period of 84 months and the recurrence was observed in six patients. Conclusions: VATS is a very reliable approach in the treatment of pneumothorax and bulluos disease. To further reduce intraoperative and postoperative morbidity it is necessary to perform the procedure with meticulous caution and to give special attention to secondary pneumothorax and to all cases of adhesions.
doi:10.2174/1876533500902010033 fatcat:tbsmf33cmfcc3dloal7nsczsxa