A Review on Human–Machine Trust Evaluation: Human-Centric and Machine-Centric Perspectives

Biniam Gebru, Lydia Zeleke, Daniel Blankson, Mahmoud Nabil, Shamila Nateghi, Abdollah Homaifar, Edward Tunstel
2022 IEEE Transactions on Human-Machine Systems  
As complex autonomous systems become increasingly ubiquitous, their deployment and integration into our daily lives will become a significant endeavor. Human-machine trust relationship is now acknowledged as one of the primary aspects that characterize a successful integration. In the context of human-machine interaction (HMI), proper use of machines and autonomous systems depends both on the human and machine counterparts. On one hand, it depends on how well the human relies on the machine
more » ... rding the situation or task at hand based on willingness and experience. On the other hand, it depends on how well the machine carries out the task and how well it conveys important information on how the job is done. Furthermore, proper calibration of trust for effective HMI requires the factors affecting trust to be properly accounted for and their relative importance to be rightly quantified. In this article, the functional understanding of humanmachine trust is viewed from two perspectives-human-centric and machine-centric. The human aspect of the discussion outlines factors, scales, and approaches, which are available to measure and calibrate human trust. The discussion on the machine aspect spans trustworthy artificial intelligence, built-in machine assurances, and ethical frameworks of trustworthy machines.
doi:10.1109/thms.2022.3144956 fatcat:f3xonajlebek7o4l6mmnpn5uqi