Reversible dissociation of gamma-glutamylcysteine synthetase into two subunits

G F Seelig, R P Simondsen, A Meister
1984 Journal of Biological Chemistry  
gamma-Glutamylcysteine synthetase (rat kidney; Mr approximately 104,000) is composed of 2 nonidentical subunits. In the present work, a procedure was developed for the reversible dissociation of the enzyme into its subunits (Mr = 73,000 and 27,700) under nondenaturing conditions. Students in which gel electrophoresis was used, in conjunction with an enzyme activity stain and elution and re-electrophoresis of protein bands, showed that the heavy subunit contains all of the structural
more » ... for enzymatic activity and also for feedback inhibition of the enzyme activity by glutathione. The light subunit, which may be formed from a precursor protein, has a significantly lower content of Trp, Phe, Tyr, Val, and Ala residues than the heavy subunit, while its content of Lys, His, Met, and Asx residues is higher.
pmid:6146611 fatcat:kka2rs2xwzet5f7zykbzncw2ee