Amyloid-Mediated Mechanisms of Membrane Disruption

Michele F. M. Sciacca, Carmelo La Rosa, Danilo Milardi
2021 Biophysica  
Protein aggregation and amyloid formation are pathogenic events underlying the development of an increasingly large number of human diseases named "proteinopathies". Abnormal accumulation in affected tissues of amyloid β (Aβ) peptide, islet amyloid polypeptide (IAPP), and the prion protein, to mention a few, are involved in the occurrence of Alzheimer's (AD), type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and prion diseases, respectively. Many reports suggest that the toxic properties of amyloid aggregates
more » ... correlated with their ability to damage cell membranes. However, the molecular mechanisms causing toxic amyloid/membrane interactions are still far to be completely elucidated. This review aims at describing the mutual relationships linking abnormal protein conformational transition and self-assembly into amyloid aggregates with membrane damage. A cross-correlated analysis of all these closely intertwined factors is thought to provide valuable insights for a comprehensive molecular description of amyloid diseases and, in turn, the design of effective therapies.
doi:10.3390/biophysica1020011 fatcat:k35rrxdwrfgnrg7m7qdxscx5ka