Migrant Health Policies in the European Union: A Comparative Policy Analysis

2020 Health Services Research  
There is an undeniable relationship between migration and health (Nagy, 2011) . Despite the fact that the concept of health as a fundamental human right has been enshrined in numerous international and supranational policy instruments, health disparities between migrants and host nation populations persist. Inequities in health are perpetuated by several factors that include, but are not limited to, immigration status, lack of knowledge of health system access points, appropriateness of health
more » ... are services, language barriers, and unique health profiles of migrants. The literature firmly positions migrants as a vulnerable population due to their collective risk of poor health outcomes in multiple areas. Between 1998 and 2007, 10 European Union (EU) member states, plus Switzerland in a special partnership with the EU through the European Economic Area, adopted a migrant health policy to improve the health of migrants through targeted strategies . These national level migrant health policies go beyond statutory requirements outlined in international and supranational charters and treaties to protect the health migrants and address factors that contribute to health inequity between migrants and European host nation populations. Listed in alphabetical order, European nations with migrant health policies include:
doi:10.1111/1475-6773.13415 fatcat:z5s6vea4njd47j4cavq6kwoesu