A novel day/night-technique for area-wide precipitation retrieval over Central Europe using MSG SEVIRI data

Boris Thies, Bendix, Jörg (Prof. Dr.), Geographie
2011
Knowledge of the spatio-temporal precipitation distribution is of great value in agriculture, water engineering, climatology and risk management. So far, no adequate method existed for the detection and monitoring of precipitation at high temporal and spatial resolutions in most parts of the world where radar networks are not available. Due to spectral constraints, existing retrieval techniques rely on a relationship between rainfall probability and intensity and the cloud top temperature
more » ... ed in an infrared channel. These techniques show considerable drawbacks concerning precipitation processes in the mid-latitudes. Improved techniques for rain area identification based on spectral enhancements of new generation satellite systems used to be only available on polar orbiting platforms with poor temporal resolutions. Furthermore, these algorithms are only applicable during day-time. With the advent of Meteosat Second Generation (MSG) Spinning-Enhanced Visible and InfraRed Imager (SEVIRI) in 2004, a geostationary satellite system with significantly improved spectral and spatial resolutions has become available. The central aim of the present study therefore was to develop a novel method for operational precipitation detection during day- and night-time based on MSG SEVIRI data. The focus of the newly developed scheme lies on precipitation processes in the mid-latitudes in connection with extra-tropical cyclones. It is therefore not only applicable to convectively dominated rain areas but also to precipitating cloud areas of advective-stratiform character. The newly developed rainfall retrieval scheme based on the advanced second-generation GEO system MSG SEVIRI rests upon the following conceptual model: • Precipitating cloud areas are characterized by a sufficiently high cloud water path and ice particles in the upper part. • Cloud areas with higher rainfall intensities are characterized by a higher cloud water path and a higher amount of ice particles in the upper part. • Convective clouds with very hi [...]
doi:10.17192/z2008.0906 fatcat:5tgolkwkmbdl3euvnzrr5duiyy