Adhesion of veneering resins to polymethylmethacrylate-based CAD/CAM polymers after various surface conditioning methods
Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
Objectives. The aims of this study were to test whether the bond strength of a hybrid composite and a PMMA-based veneer to CAD/CAM polymers would improve after pre-treatment and to evaluate the failure types after debonding. Materials and methods. Three types of PMMA-based (CAD-Temp, artBloc Temp and TelioCAD) CAD/CAM blocks were obtained (N = 360, n = 15 per test group). They were divided into four groups to be conditioned with the following methods: (a) no-treatment, (b) airabrasion (50 m
... rabrasion (50 m Al(2)O(3)), (c) air-abrasion (50 m Al(2)O(3)) + MPS-Silane (Monobond S) + Adhesive resin (StickResin) (for Gradia)/MMA (for Integral Esthetic Press) application, (d) Silica coating and silanization (CoJet-System). The conditioned surfaces were veneered with a hybrid composite (Gradia) or a PMMA-based resin (Integral esthetic press). After water storage (1 week, 37°C), the bond strength was measured. Data were analyzed using 3-way ANOVA and post-hoc Scheffé test ( = 0.05). Results. Surfaceconditioning method, veneer type and CAD/CAM polymers significantly affected the results. Hybrid composite did not bond to non-conditioned CAD/CAM polymers. Regardless of the conditioning method, PMMA-based resin showed significantly higher bond strength to all CAD/CAM polymers compared to hybrid composite. Air-abrasion increased the bond strength in all tested groups. Additional silane application after air-abrasion did not significantly increase the bond strength of hybrid composite. While exclusively adhesive failures were observed between the hybrid composite and the CAD/CAM polymers, PMMA veneer demonstrated cohesive failures in the CAD/CAM polymers. Conclusion. CAD/CAM polymers could be veneered with only a PMMA-based veneer with and without air-abrasion.