Time-Multiplexed Coded Aperture and Coded Focal Stack -Comparative Study on Snapshot Compressive Light Field Imaging

2022 IEICE transactions on information and systems  
A light field (LF), which is represented as a set of dense, multi-view images, has been used in various 3D applications. To make LF acquisition more efficient, researchers have investigated compressive sensing methods by incorporating certain coding functionalities into a camera. In this paper, we focus on a challenging case called snapshot compressive LF imaging, in which an entire LF is reconstructed from only a single acquired image. To embed a large amount of LF information in a single
more » ... , we consider two promising methods based on rapid optical control during a single exposure: time-multiplexed coded aperture (TMCA) and coded focal stack (CFS), which were proposed individually in previous works. Both TMCA and CFS can be interpreted in a unified manner as extensions of the coded aperture (CA) and focal stack (FS) methods, respectively. By developing a unified algorithm pipeline for TMCA and CFS, based on deep neural networks, we evaluated their performance with respect to other possible imaging methods. We found that both TMCA and CFS can achieve better reconstruction quality than the other snapshot methods, and they also perform reasonably well compared to methods using multiple acquired images. To our knowledge, we are the first to present an overall discussion of TMCA and CFS and to compare and validate their effectiveness in the context of compressive LF imaging.
doi:10.1587/transinf.2022pcp0003 fatcat:qbre4xd2wzdnhlhwhgoqbzq7py