Empowerment of patients with type 2 diabetes: current perspectives

Gómez-Velasco DV, Almeda-Valdes P, Martagón AJ, Galán-Ramírez GA, Aguilar-Salinas CA
2019 Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity : Targets and Therapy  
Donají V Gómez-Velasco,1 Paloma Almeda-Valdes,1,2 Alexandro J Martagón,1,3 Gabriela A Galán-Ramírez,1 Carlos A Aguilar-Salinas1–31Unidad de Investigación de Enfermedades Metabólicas, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán, Mexico City, Mexico; 2Departamento de Endocrinología y Metabolismo, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán, Mexico City, Mexico; 3Tecnológico de Monterrey, Escuela de Medicina y Ciencias de la Salud, Mexico City,
more » ... Abstract: Patient empowerment is a continuous process in which knowledge, motivation, and capacity to take control of their disease are built within a person. This concept is not always well understood and applied. This review describes the strategies to induce empowerment in patients with diabetes. In addition, the most common scales used to evaluate empowerment in diabetes is described. Furthermore, the effectiveness of the empowerment-based interventions for improving metabolic control and diabetes knowledge are described. Finally, we discuss opportunities for empowerment implementation in clinical practice and current needs on research that can be translated into public policies.Keywords: empowerment, motivation, self-care, Diabetes Empowerment Scale, depression
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