Up-Regulation of Urotensin II and Its Receptor Contributes to Human Hepatocellular Carcinoma Growth via Activation of the PKC, ERK1/2, and p38 MAPK Signaling Pathways

Xiao-Tong Yu, Peng-Yan Wang, Zheng-Ming Shi, Kun Dong, Ping Feng, Hong-Xia Wang, Xue-Jiang Wang
2014 Molecules  
Urotensin II (UII) and its receptor (UTR) have mitogenic effects on tumor growth. Our previous study demonstrated that the UII/UTR system is up-regulated in dithyinitrosamine-induced precancerous rat liver lesions. However, its role in human hepatocellular carcinoma remains unknown. In this study, the mRNA and protein expression of UII and its receptor (UTR) in human hepatocellular carcinoma samples and in the BEL-7402 human hepatoma cell line were evaluated. In addition, the effect of
more » ... effect of exogenous UII on the pathways that regulate proliferation in BEL-7402 cells in vitro were determined. Liver sections were subjected to immunohistochemical staining. mRNA expression was detected by real-time polymerase chain reaction analysis, and protein levels were evaluated by western blotting. Proliferating cells were detected by BrdU incorporation. The expression of UII/UT mRNA and protein significantly increased in human hepatocellular carcinoma
doi:10.3390/molecules191220768 pmid:25514221 fatcat:oapnxeldz5dq7engbiesq277oa