A novel index structure for large scale image descriptor search

Jiangbo Yuan, Xiuwen Liu
2012 2012 19th IEEE International Conference on Image Processing  
This paper presents a k-means based algorithm for approximate nearest neighbor search. The proposed Embedded k-Means algorithm is a two-level clustered index structure which consists of two groups of centroids; additionally, an inverted file is used for recording of the assignments. The coarse-to-fine structure achieves high search efficiency using multi-assignment operations on the coarse level. At the query stage, pruning strategies are utilized to balance the trade-off between search
more » ... s and speeds. Our algorithm is able to explore the neighborhood space of a given query efficiently. Due to its good recall/selectivity and memory efficiency, the proposed algorithm is scalable and is able to process very large databases. Experimental results on SIFT and GIST image descriptor datasets show search performance better and comparable to the state-of-the-art approaches with lower memory usage and complexity. Index Termsk-means, approximate nearest neighbor search, multi-assignment, pruning strategies, image descriptor indexing
doi:10.1109/icip.2012.6467265 dblp:conf/icip/YuanL12 fatcat:u2qdtyljunbdxpbie6laa42feu