Privacy Preserving Nearest Neighbor Search

Mark Shaneck, Yongdae Kim, Vipin Kumar
2006 Sixth IEEE International Conference on Data Mining - Workshops (ICDMW'06)  
Data mining is frequently obstructed by privacy concerns. In many cases data is distributed, and bringing the data together in one place for analysis is not possible due to privacy laws (e.g. HIPAA) or policies. Privacy preserving data mining techniques have been developed to address this issue by providing mechanisms to mine the data while giving certain privacy guarantees. In this paper we address the issue of privacy preserving nearest neighbor search, which forms the kernel of many data
more » ... ng applications. To this end, we present a novel algorithm based on secure multiparty computation primitives to compute the nearest neighbors of records in horizontally distributed data. We show how this algorithm can be used in three important data mining algorithms, namely LOF outlier detection, SNN clustering, and kNN classification. We prove the security of these algorithms under the semi-honest adversarial model, and describe methods that can be used to optimize their performance.
doi:10.1109/icdmw.2006.133 dblp:conf/icdm/ShaneckKK06 fatcat:wt5bkrfisngcdmdh3qatvbjv74