Modeling and Simulation of Nonmotorized Vehicles' Dispersion at Mixed Flow Intersections

Qiyuan Liu, Jian Sun, Ye Tian, Ying Ni, Shinan Yu
2019 Journal of Advanced Transportation  
Interactions between motorized and nonmotorized vehicles have drawn considerable attention from researchers. They are commonly seen at mixed flow intersections where nonmotorized vehicles, without the restriction of lane markers or physical barriers, may disperse into adjacent lanes and thus lead to complex interactions with motorized vehicles. Such a dispersion phenomenon between heterogeneous participants (e-bikes and bicycles as nonmotorized vehicles versus motorized vehicles) is difficult
more » ... les) is difficult to model. In this paper, we were inspired by the dispersion of charged particles in an electric field and modeled the dispersion phenomenon of go-straight, nonmotorized vehicles at mixed flow intersections accordingly, as it was discovered in this research that these two dispersion phenomena share three underlying commonalities with each other. A novel particle dispersion model (PDM) based on a particle's movement in an electric field is proposed. The model is calibrated and validated using 1,490 high-definition sets of trajectory data for go-straight, nonmotorized vehicles during 43 cycles at two typical mixed flow intersections. The PDM is compared with the social force model (SFM) on their dispersion characteristics that are used to describe the nonmotorized bicycles' behavior. The results show that the PDM performs better than the SFM with regard to depicting the dispersion characteristic indices of the nonmotorized vehicles, such as the travel time, the dispersion intensity of heterogeneous nonmotorized vehicles, the sectional dispersion degree, and other dispersion characteristics.
doi:10.1155/2019/9127062 fatcat:wxglfdigtjhhll3yea5vntlssu