How Prevalent Are Symptoms and Risk Factors of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease in a Sexually Conservative Population [post]

Oqba Al-Kuran, Al-Mehaisen Lama, Alduraidi Hamza, Naser Alhusban, Balqees Attarakih, Anas Sultan, Zeina Othman, sanal AlSha´rat, Shoug AlHilali, Nadia Alkouz, Noura Alibrahim, Wafaa AlMusallam
2020 unpublished
Background: Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) is the inflammation of the adnexa of the uterus, that mainly manifests in a subclinical/chronic context and goes largely underreported. However, it poses a major threat to women's health, as it is responsible for infertility and ectopic pregnancies, as well as chronic pelvic pain. Previous studies in Jordan have not reported PID, attributed mainly to the social structure of the country which largely represent a sexually conservative population. Our
more » ... ve population. Our study aims to report the clinical symptoms that point towards PID and investigate the major risk determinants in a Jordanian population, in a cross-sectional study. Methods: One hundred sixty-eight consecutive adult women that came in the Outpatient Clinics of Gynaecological Department of the Jordan University Hospital were interviewed and their medical history and symptoms were registered and analysed. A Score for PID symptoms, we developed, was given to each woman. Results and correlations were then statistically tested.Results: Our study population consisted of relatively young women (37.7±11) that had their first child at an average age of 24.1 (±4.8) and a mean parity of 3.1 (±2.2). Fifty-eight women (34.5%) reported having undergone at least one CS, while the mean PID Symptom Score was 3.3 (±2.3). The women in our study exhibited 8 symptoms of PID, namely dysmenorrhea and vaginal discharge; being the commonest (45.2% and 44.6% respectively), in addition to chronic pelvic pain, pelvic heaviness, , menorrhagia, dyspareunia, , urinary symptoms, and smelly urine, and reported history of 3 conditions that can be attributed to PID, that is infertility, preterm labour, and miscarriages.Conclusions: Our PID Scoring System seems to identify the risk factors of PID and predict well the PID likelihood. This score predicts that women with higher parity, who used contraceptives and underwent any invasive medical procedure are expected to score higher in the PID Symptom Score. Our data also suggest that PID should not be ruled out in the Jordanian population when symptoms are compatible to this diagnosis.
doi:10.21203/ fatcat:y4fwideldnfovokkazgisg7rxq