Privacy-Preserving Design of Scalar LQG Control

Edoardo Ferrari, Yue Tian, Chenglong Sun, Zuxing Li, Chao Wang
2022 Entropy  
This paper studies the agent identity privacy problem in the scalar linear quadratic Gaussian (LQG) control system. The agent identity is a binary hypothesis: Agent A or Agent B. An eavesdropper is assumed to make a hypothesis testing the agent identity based on the intercepted environment state sequence. The privacy risk is measured by the Kullback–Leibler divergence between the probability distributions of state sequences under two hypotheses. By taking into account both the accumulative
more » ... ol reward and privacy risk, an optimization problem of the policy of Agent B is formulated. This paper shows that the optimal deterministic privacy-preserving LQG policy of Agent B is a linear mapping. A sufficient condition is given to guarantee that the optimal deterministic privacy-preserving policy is time-invariant in the asymptotic regime. It is also shown that adding an independent Gaussian random process noise to the linear mapping of the optimal deterministic privacy-preserving policy cannot improve the performance of Agent B. The numerical experiments justify the theoretic results and illustrate the reward–privacy trade-off.
doi:10.3390/e24070856 pmid:35885079 pmcid:PMC9323139 fatcat:7muxl7pb35cehl6fqpvhdmqjzi