Preparation and spectroscopic characterization of lyophilized Mo nitrogenase

Casey Van Stappen, Laure Decamps, Serena DeBeer
2020 Journal of Biological Inorganic Chemistry  
Mo nitrogenase is the primary source of biologically fixed nitrogen, making this system highly interesting for developing new, energy efficient ways of ammonia production. Although heavily investigated, studies of the active site of this enzyme have generally been limited to spectroscopic methods that are compatible with the presence of water and relatively low protein concentrations. One method of overcoming this limitation is through lyophilization, which allows for measurements to be
more » ... ments to be performed on solvent free, high concentration samples. This method also has the potential for allowing efficient protein storage and solvent exchange. To investigate the viability of this preparatory method with Mo nitrogenase, we employ a combination of electron paramagnetic resonance, Mo and Fe K-edge X-ray absorption spectroscopy, and acetylene reduction assays. Our results show that while some small distortions in the metallocofactors occur, oxidation and spin states are maintained through the lyophilization process and that reconstitution of either lyophilized protein component into buffer restores acetylene reducing activity. Graphic abstract
doi:10.1007/s00775-020-01838-4 pmid:33381859 fatcat:rycjeaxbmrahtooeevdha5yrke