Transparent conducting contacts based on zinc oxide substitutionally doped with gallium

Christopher W. Gorrie, Matthew Reese, John D. Perkins, Maikel F.A.M. van Hest, Jeff L. Alleman, Matthew S. Dabney, Bobby To, David S. Ginley, Joseph J. Berry
2008 Conference record of the Photovoltaic Specialists Conference  
We have employed a high-throughput combinatorial approach to explore a range of Ga doping levels from ≈2-7.5 at% gallium in materials sputtered from ceramic oxide targets on glass substrates. Using our combinatorial approach this compositional spread is examined over a range of substrate temperatures and sputtering atmospheres. Structural, optical, and electrical analysis is then performed using our suite of combinatorial characterization tools. In parallel we have used pulsed laser deposition
more » ... d laser deposition (PLD) from ceramic targets to produce state of the art Ga:ZnO films on glass at a variety of substrate temperatures for comparison to our combinatorial studies. Our best PLD materials were deposited at a nominal substrate temperature of 300 o C and resulted in a film with a resistivity of 7.7 × 10 -5 Ω·cm and transparency in excess of 85% in the visible. 16. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF: 19a. NAME OF RESPONSIBLE PERSON a. REPORT Unclassified b. ABSTRACT Unclassified c. THIS PAGE Unclassified 17. LIMITATION OF ABSTRACT UL 18. NUMBER OF PAGES 19b. TELEPHONE NUMBER (Include area code) Standard Form 298 (Rev. 8/98) Prescribed by ANSI Std. Z39.18
doi:10.1109/pvsc.2008.4922488 fatcat:p3efmdolsba23bkntj2bzpgu2a