Integrated end-stage renal disease care: the role of peritoneal dialysis

P. G. Blake
2001 Nephrology, Dialysis and Transplantation  
This paper reviews the rationale behind the proposed policy of using peritoneal dialysis (PD) as the initial treatment modality in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). The better preservation of residual renal function associated with PD is emphasized along with its potential cardiovascular bene®ts. The superior patient survival on PD, relative to hemodialysis, during the ®rst 2 years on dialysis in both the United States and Canada is discussed, as are the potential advantages of PD
more » ... terms of hepatitis C prevention, anaemia management and quality of life. The lower cost of PD in association with these clinical advantages lead to the modality being more cost-effective in the early years on dialysis. The relatively high technique failure rate on PD, however, subsequently leads to an increasing need for haemodialysis. A policy of integrated dialysis care with PD ®rst and then haemodialysis, as required, is advocated as a more cost-effective approach to ESRD in suitable patients.
doi:10.1093/ndt/16.suppl_5.61 pmid:11509687 fatcat:srbc4fhftzaifkudjuacevpig4