Phase Separation of Superconducting Phases in the Penson–Kolb–Hubbard Model
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan
In this paper we determine the phase diagrams (for T=0 as well as T>0) of the Penson-Kolb-Hubbard model for two dimensional square lattice within Hartree-Fock mean-field theory focusing on investigation of superconducting phases and possibility of the occurrence of the phase separation. We obtain that the phase separation, which is a state of coexistence of two different superconducting phases (with s-wave and η-wave symmetries), occurs in define range of the electron concentration. In
... increasing temperature can change the symmetry of the superconducting order parameter (from η-wave into s-wave). The system considered exhibits also an interesting multicritical behaviour including bicritical points.