Effect of Aerobic and Anaerobic Exercises on Anthropometric Parameters, Chemerin and Adiponectin Levels in Non-Athletic Men

Mansour Karajibani, Farzaneh Montazerifar, Karim Dehghani, Mehdi Mogharnasi, Seyed Reza Mousavi Gillani, Alireza Dashipour
2018 Health Scope  
and Objectives: Several studies have been shown the beneficial effect of exercise on markers of health. This study was designed to evaluate the effect of two aerobic and anaerobic exercise protocols on triglyceride, cholesterol, anthropometric indices, chemerin, and adiponectin levels in non-athletic men. Methods: A total of 39 non-athletic men were recruited to the present study. According to protocol, participants in three categories including; aerobic, anaerobic, and control groups, which
more » ... endurance, speedy exercise, and without activity, respectively. The duration of interventional program was two months. Body weight, height, and waist circumference (WC) were determined. Body fat percent, waist-to-hip ratio (WHpR) and body mass index (BMI) were calculated. Dietary intake was recorded by 48-hours recall method. Briefly, Total cholesterol and triglyceride levels were determined by an automated analyzer. Serum levels chemerin and adiponectin were measured by enzyme-linked immune-sorbent assay (ELISA) by commercial kits. Data was analyzed using the SPSS statistical software version 16. P < 0.05 was considered as the level of significant. Results: No significant difference among groups was observed according to BMI, WC, and WHR. Significant difference was observed based on percent of body fat in the aerobic group. There was no significant difference in the cholesterol and triglyceride levels and daily calorie intake between groups. There was a significant difference in adiponectin level in three steps between two groups (P < 0.001). There was a significant difference on chemerin level between baseline training and detraining steps in aerobic groups as compared to control (P = 0.01). There was an increase in chemerin level between baseline, training, and detraining steps in anerobic groups (P = 0.01). A significant increase in adiponectin level was observed after training. Whilst, after detraining, it was decreased significantly (P < 0.001). Conclusions: Aerobic exercise caused chemerin levels to decrease significantly after training and detraining. Whereas it increased in anaerobic groups. Besides, adiponectin level significantly increased in aerobic and anaerobic groups. It seems that the difference in the type of activity between the two groups led to the changes in the above indicators that require more extensive studies.
doi:10.5812/jhealthscope.61819 fatcat:4iqdfuveqbclbefjvos2nanyye