An image registration scheme applied to verification of radiation therapy

K W Leszczynski, S Loose, S Boyko
1998 British Journal of Radiology  
The introduction of modern conformal radiation therapy techniques requires high geometric precision in treatment delivery which must be verified. For that purpose we have developed an automated system based on registration of portal and simulation (or planning) image pairs. The image registration is performed on anatomical features which are automatically extracted from the portal image. The portal image is then registered with a planning or simulation radiographic image which represents the
more » ... h represents the geometric prescription for the treatment, using an optimized version of the chamfer matching algorithm. Subsequently, the magnitude of the radiation field displacement during treatment is measured by registering the prescribed and treated field boundaries. Algorithms based on chamfer matching and polygon matching have been used for the field boundary registration. Performance of the entire scheme was evaluated on a series of 15 portal images of a pelvic phantom representing various known degrees of the radiation field displacement. The measurements of the radiation field displacements performed by the automated system proved very reliable and after correction for systematic bias agreed to within 1.5 mm or 1°with the displacements applied. Second test series involved comparisons between the automated registrations and those performed manually/visually by an experienced human observer, on 31 portal images acquired during treatments of 18 pelvic patients. These tests showed close agreement (in 80% of cases discrepancies were smaller than 1.5 mm or 1.5°) between the automated scheme and the human observer. It is concluded that the developed scheme would be suitable for online geometric verification of radiation therapy treatments.
doi:10.1259/bjr.71.844.9659135 pmid:9659135 fatcat:boiglfsma5hjdhsvhdz3w2s5jm