Russian-Norwegian borderland in the foreign historical literature in the 20th — beginning of the 21st centuries
Arktika i Sever
Российско-норвежское пограничье в зарубежной историографии XX — начала XXI вв
The article presents a review of foreign research on the history of Russian-Norwegian borderland in 16 th -early 20 th centuries. The dominance of the empirical positivism and historical nationalism in the history of the Northern frontier delimitation led to the formation of relatively stable and unilateral interpretations of the Russian-Norwegian border in the first half of the 20 th century. The state was perceived as an a priori objective phenomenon. That's why historians and legal scholars
... and legal scholars understood the "border" as a static instrument of political power, ignoring its multipotential phenomena and variety of its subjects. The Scandinavian historiography has developed a historical tradition of perception of the Treaty 1826 on the delimitation of "common districts" as a fair act of institutionalization of borders over the common possession. As a part of this tradition, it may seem that Norwegian territorial claims did not look expansive in relation to Russia. However, for a long time the Scandinavian historians advocated the theory that the Russian Empire, driven by the idea of permanent territorial extensions, had posed a threat to the Norwegian Finmark. So, the delineation of the Northern frontier was a diplomatic deal aimed at creating legitimate barriers to further Russian expansion in Western Europe through the Norwegian Arctic. Thus, the author concludes that from the methodological perspective, the evolution of the Russian-Norwegian borderlands is still not sufficiently developed in foreign historiography and requires closer attention to create high-quality reconstruction of the Russian-Norwegian borderland evolution from the territory with frontlines configuration of political boundaries in the 13 th century -the early 19 th century to the space with a sealed political boundary in the 20 th century.