Investigating the importance of sub-grid particle formation in point source plumes over eastern China using IAP-AACM with a sub-grid parameterization
Abstract. The influence of sub-grid particle formation (SGPF) in point source plumes on aerosol particles over eastern China was firstly illustrated by implementing a SGPF scheme into a global-regional nested chemical transport model with aerosol microphysics module. The key parameter in the scheme was optimized based on the observations in eastern China. With the parameterization of SGPF, the spatial heterogeneity and diurnal variation of particle formation processes in sub-grid scale were
... resolved. The SGPF scheme can significantly improve the model performance in simulating aerosol components and new particle formation processes at typical sites influenced by point sources. The comparison with observations at Beijing, Wuhan, and Nanjing showed that the normal mean bias (NMB) of sulfate and ammonium could be reduced by 23 %–27 % and 12 %–14 %, respectively. When wind fields were well reproduced, the correlation of sulfate between simulation and observation can be increased by 0.13 in Nanjing. Considering the diurnal cycle of new particle formation, the SGPF scheme can greatly reduce the overestimation of particle number concentration in nucleation and Aitken mode caused by fixed-fraction parameterization of SGPF. In the regional scale, downwind areas of point source got an increase of sulfate concentration by 25 %–50 %. The results of this study indicate the significant effects of SGPF on aerosol particles over areas with the point source and necessity of reasonable representation of SGPF processes in chemical transport models.