Hyperspectral Image Mixed Noise Removal Using Subspace Representation and Deep CNN Image Prior

Lina Zhuang, Michael K. Ng, Xiyou Fu
2021 Remote Sensing  
The ever-increasing spectral resolution of hyperspectral images (HSIs) is often obtained at the cost of a decrease in the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of the measurements. The decreased SNR reduces the reliability of measured features or information extracted from HSIs, thus calling for effective denoising techniques. This work aims to estimate clean HSIs from observations corrupted by mixed noise (containing Gaussian noise, impulse noise, and dead-lines/stripes) by exploiting two main
more » ... stics of hyperspectral data, namely low-rankness in the spectral domain and high correlation in the spatial domain. We take advantage of the spectral low-rankness of HSIs by representing spectral vectors in an orthogonal subspace, which is learned from observed images by a new method. Subspace representation coefficients of HSIs are learned by solving an optimization problem plugged with an image prior extracted from a neural denoising network. The proposed method is evaluated on simulated and real HSIs. An exhaustive array of experiments and comparisons with state-of-the-art denoisers were carried out.
doi:10.3390/rs13204098 fatcat:42vmcbvvqrfipnvuxdscuuuzly