Psychological correlates of quality of life in dermatology patients: the role of mental health and self-acceptance
Acta Dermatovenerologica Alpina Pannonica et Adriatica
Chronic skin diseases have been recognized as having a detrimental effect on patients' quality of life, also causing considerable mental discomfort. Reduced self-acceptance, low self-esteem, a negative body image, and a low sense of self-worth have been noted in patients with visible skin disorders. Yet in the available literature we could not find any data concerning the relationship between mental health status, self-image, and quality of life. This research, then, analyzes potential
... potential relationships between self-acceptance, mental health status, and quality of life in dermatology patients. In total, 112 patients of the Occupational Diseases Outpatient Clinic and the Occupational and Environmental Allergy Centre of the Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine (NIOM) were examined. The General Health Questionnaire (GHQ) was used to assess the patients' mental health; a Polish version of the Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) was employed to assess life quality; and the Self-Acceptance Scale (SAS) served to obtain the patients' self-image. Results showed that there were statistically significant differences in self-assessment of mental health and quality of life depending on ones's level of self-acceptance. People with high self-acceptance are characterized by better mental health than those with low self-acceptance (t = 4.8; p = 0.00). Patients with a negative selfimage (compared to those with a positive self-image) also deem their quality of life to be poor (t = 3.1; p = 0.00). Results of regression analysis show that mental health status significantly affects the quality of life in dermatology patients; the standardized coefficient was beta = 0.42 (p < 0.0001). Relationships have been found to exist between the patient's mental health and both their subjective assessment of life quality and self-image. Taking into account the role of mental health as a potential determinant of quality of life among dermatology patients, and considering the strong correlation between self-acceptance and well-being, treatment should also focus on counseling.