The Novel Biomarkers-Based HALP (Hemoglobin, Albumin, Lymphocyte And Platelet)-Prognostic Model For Acute And Subacute Patients With Cerebral Venous Sinus Thrombosis: A Retrospective Cohort Study
Background: To evaluate the prognosis values of HALP in acute or subacute cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST), to explore the new prognostic model for CVST.Methods: Consecutive patients who were diagnosed as having acute and subacute CVST were retrospectively investigated. We determined the patients' functional outcomes by modified Rankin Scale (mRS). Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to assess the relationship between factors and poor functional outcomes. The area under
... . The area under the ROC curve (AUC) was estimated to evaluate the ability of markers and models in predicting clinical prognosis. The prognostic model was presented as nomogram. In addition, the decision curve analysis (DCA) was used to analyze the benefit of this model. Furthermore, survival curves were described by the Kaplan‑Meier analysis. Results: A total of 270 patients were included of which 31 had poor outcome. Multivariable logistic regression analysis demonstrated HALP (OR=0.978, 95%CI: 0.958-0.999, P=0.039) was a protective predictor of outcome. The AUC of HALP was 0.749 (95% CI: 0.633-0.865, P=0.044). DCA demonstrated that this model significantly improved risk prediction at threshold probabilities of CVST at 0 to 85%. Patients with higher HALP (P=0.006) presented higher overall survival rates. Conclusions: HALP may be a potential protective marker in acute and subacute CVST patients. The new prognostic model with HALP had potentially better value for Chinese CVST patients.