Determination of residual monomer content in dental acrylic polymers and effect after tissues implantation
Biotechnology & Biotechnological Equipment
The aim of the present study was to determine the content of residual monomer methyl methacrylate (MMA) in cold and hot polymerized poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA), both widely applicable in dentistry, by using MHE-GC-MS (multiple headspace extraction analysis by gas chromatographymass spectrometry) in combination with GC-FID (gas chromatography with flame-ionization detection). The samples of PMMA were obtained by free-radical polymerization of MMA at room temperature (cold polymerized PMMA)
... nd at 100 C (hot polymerized PMMA), according to the manufacturer's instructions. The MHE-GC-MS method consisted of ten successive extractions of MMA from the polymerized samples. According to the constructed calibration curve, the content of residual MMA in PMMA samples (mg MMA /g PMMA ) was determined. Intramuscular implantation of sample materials was performed in experimental animals (rats) in order to demonstrate potential adverse effects of the unpolymerized residual reactants to the tissue in direct contact with polymeric implants. The content of residual monomer in cold polymerized PMMA was higher (15.75 mg MMA/ g PMMA ) in comparison to hot polymerized PMMA (10.96 mg MMA/ g PMMA ). The implanted samples of cold-polymerized acrylic resin showed intense inflammatory response of the surrounding tissue. According to the obtained results, hot polymerized PMMA is safer for use in dentistry.