Investigation of the Powder Aerosol Deposition Method Using Shadowgraph Imaging

Philipp Glosse, Stefan Denneler, Oliver Stier, Ralf Moos
2021 Materials  
The powder aerosol deposition method (PAD) is a vacuum-based spray coating technology. It allows for production of highly dense coatings at room temperature, especially of brittle-breaking materials. This yields new options for coating substrate materials that even melt at low temperatures. The film formation mechanism is called room temperature impact consolidation (RTIC). The occurrence of this mechanism is strongly linked to the gas jet used in the process. The velocity and direction of the
more » ... d direction of the particles in the gas jet forming between the nozzle orifice and the substrate are the main factors influencing the quality of the coating. This dependency aimed to be elaborated with a measurement setup and coating experiments and is shown in this work. We investigated the gas jet formation using a shadow optical imaging system. Regions of different gas density are visualized by this technique. Several parameter sets, in particular gas flow rates and chamber pressures, were investigated. In addition, coatings were produced on glass substrates with the same parameters. As a coating material, the superconducting ceramic-like magnesium diboride (MgB2) was chosen. A correlation between shadow images and thickness profiles of the coatings shows how the gas jet formation affects the uniformity of thickness. Shadow optical images provide valuable information on the flight direction of the particles and allow validation of simulation results.
doi:10.3390/ma14102502 pmid:34065989 fatcat:dyjunue3jjaphh3kolsrjizuva