Sparse Ensemble Machine Learning to improve robustness of long-term decoding in iBMIs [article]

Shoeb Shaikh, Rosa So, Tafadzwa Sibindi, Camilo Libedinsky, Arindam Basu
2019 bioRxiv   pre-print
This paper presents a novel sparse ensemble based machine learning approach to enhance robustness of intracorticalBrain Machine Interfaces (iBMIs) in the face of non-stationary distribution of input neural data across time. Each classifier in the ensemble is trained on a randomly sampled (with replacement) set of input channels. These sparse connections ensure that with a high chance, few of the base classifiers should be less affected by the variations in some of the recording channels.We have
more » ... tested the generality of this technique on different base classifiers - linear discriminant analysis (LDA), support vector machine (SVM), extreme learning machine (ELM) and multilayer perceptron (MLP). Results show decoding accuracy improvements of up to ≈ 21%,13%,19%,10% in non-human primate (NHP) A and 7%,9%,7%,9% in NHP B across test days while using the sparse ensemble approach over a single classifier model for LDA, SVM, ELM and MLP algorithms respectively.The technique also holds ground when the most informative electrode on the test day is dropped. Accordingly, improvements of up to ≈ 24%,11%,22%,9% in NHP A and 14%,19%,7%,28% in NHP B are obtained for LDA, SVM, ELM and MLP respectively.
doi:10.1101/834028 fatcat:b7c6yu5yhbag7agnwtio6whhry