The Irish Peasant Drama and Violence: Mayne's The Troth and Red Turf*1

Jooseong Kim
2009 The Yeats Journal of Korea  
I The relation of the Irish farmer to his soil has been one of contradiction and violence. The Land War (Cogadh na Talú n) in the late 1800s and early 1900s took a successful turn for the farmers in the end, but the problems of rural Ireland were far from being solved. At the time when the first peasant plays were written, the fight for the possession of the land by the farmers was over and they began to pay off their purchased land in annual rates. Nevertheless, in great parts of the Irish
more » ... ts of the Irish countryside, cultivation was given up and the land, which had been the target of a long political struggle, was abandoned. At the same time there was not enough land for the people in other districts. There the fight for land continued, only this time the competition was among the farmers themselves as the landlords were being paid off. The more prosperous farmers increased their holdings and a green landlordism began to replace the tyranny of the foreign landowners. The competition for land became a struggle for social advancement once the source of the common * The present research was conducted by the research fund of Dankook University in 2009.
doi:10.14354/yjk.2010.33.191 fatcat:mp4knedyifh6foegfw235x7sbi