Knowledge Enhanced Event Causality Identification with Mention Masking Generalizations

Jian Liu, Yubo Chen, Jun Zhao
2020 Proceedings of the Twenty-Ninth International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence  
Identifying causal relations of events is a crucial language understanding task. Despite many efforts for this task, existing methods lack the ability to adopt background knowledge, and they typically generalize poorly to new, previously unseen data. In this paper, we present a new method for event causality identification, aiming to address limitations of previous methods. On the one hand, our model can leverage external knowledge for reasoning, which can greatly enrich the representation of
more » ... ents; On the other hand, our model can mine event-agnostic, context-specific patterns, via a mechanism called event mention masking generalization, which can greatly enhance the ability of our model to handle new, previously unseen cases. In experiments, we evaluate our model on three benchmark datasets and show our model outperforms previous methods by a significant margin. Moreover, we perform 1) cross-topic adaptation, 2) exploiting unseen predicates, and 3) cross-task adaptation to evaluate the generalization ability of our model. Experimental results show that our model demonstrates a definite advantage over previous methods.
doi:10.24963/ijcai.2020/495 dblp:conf/ijcai/LiuCGLZZ20 fatcat:3rnwk3jh6rhhjevikgmy4ygmaa