Masculinity, Rurality And Violence

K. Carrington, J. Scott
2008 British Journal of Criminology  
The assumption that the size, anonymity, and weakened social controls of urban living generates social conflict, disorganisation, and higher rates of crime and violence has been an article of faith in much criminological and social scientific inquiry since the 19 th century (i.e. ). The paper challenges this article of criminological faith and questions the utility of urban centric criminological theorising about the causes of violence in rural settings. Drawing on descriptive data which shows
more » ... e data which shows rural men present a relatively high risk of inflicting harm upon themselves and others, this paper explores the larger socio-criminological question as to why this might be. The question is examined in relation to the processes of community formation that shape the everyday architecture of rural life. We explore how that architecture has historically valorised violent expressions of masculinity grounded in a relationship between men's bodies and the rural landscapes they inhabitbut how the legitimacy of these violent expressions are being challenged by sweeping social, economic and political changes. One psychosocial response to these sweeping social changes to rural life, we conclude, is a resort to violence as a largely strategic practice deployed to recreate an imagined rural gender order.
doi:10.1093/bjc/azn031 fatcat:xekq2mcxuzfwfbucslbipyxuiy