Factors determining the surface oil concentration of encapsulated lipid particles: impact of the emulsion oil droplet size
European Food Research and Technology
Microencapsulation of oxidation sensitive oils aims to separate lipids from the environmental oxygen by embedding oil droplets in a solid matrix, which builds a physical barrier. Some oil droplets are not fully incorporated and are in contact with the powder surface generating surface oil. It is proposed that the probability of oil droplets being in contact with the particle surface increases with the oil droplet size. The aim of the study is to investigate the impact of the oil droplet size on
... oil droplet size on the encapsulation efficiency (EE). Two sets of feed emulsions differing in the applied homogenization pressure and in the protein to oil ratio were spray dried using a pilot plant spray dryer. The oil droplet size of the emulsion was determined by static light scattering (SLS). In addition, nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) was used to measure the d 3,2 of oil droplets in the emulsion and in the powder before and after surface oil removal. Encapsulates were analyzed regarding a w , moisture content, particle size, oil load and EE. The oil droplet size in the emulsion decreased with increasing protein to oil ratio as well as with the homogenization pressure. Large oil droplets and in particular droplet clusters resulted in more non-encapsulated oil. The experimentally determined EE was in accordance with the theoretical one, calculated based on the droplet and particle diameter. For emulsions with a diameter > 1 µm, the d 3,2 decreased in the powder and further by removing the surface oil, which was related to the deformation of oil droplets contributing to the non-encapsulated oil.