Letter from T. K. Lynch, Esq., F. R. G. S., on Consul Taylor's Journey to the Source of the Euphrates

T. K. Lynch
1868 Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society of London  
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more » ... out Early Journal Content at http://about.jstor.org/participate--jstor/individuals/early-journal--content. JSTOR is a digital library of academic journals, books, and primary source objects. JSTOR helps people discover, use, and build upon a wide range of content through a powerful research and teaching platform, and preserves this content for future generations. JSTOR is part of ITHAKA, a not--for--profit organization that also includes Ithaka S+R and Portico. For more information about JSTOR, please contact support@jstor.org. ADDITIONAL NOTICES. ADDITIONAL NOTICES. 243 near Wellington Channel, where Sir Edward Belcher never served out a fresh meal to his ship's company. Sir LEOPOLD M'CLINTOCE said he coincided with all the observations which Captain Hamiltort had put forward in his paper, he shou]d like to say a word as to the cause of these numerous water-spaces which were sometimes called Polynias. We never met with any of these water-spaces anywhere without also finding ample cause for them, in strong currents and tides. They were solely due to the action of tides sweeping away the ice as fast as it formed, They were common all along the coast of Greenland, and were known to the Esquimaus, who found the seals more abundant in them than elsewhere. Kane folmd a strong tide in Smith Sound, and it was there that his Pvlynia was placed, and it was there an abundance of animal life was fotled Penny found strong tides in Y\Tellington Channel, and there he also reported an 4' abundance of animal life." Of courseJ the ocean was frozen over elsewhere, and these animals sought out and congregated in large :numbers wherever the sea was open, and this would account for the abundance of animal life; but it should be borne in mind that these spaces were e:xceedingly limited. NVith ret,ard to land animals, they were lnore abunda:rlt in Melville Island tharl elsexvhere, although the mean annual temperature of the island was perhaps as low as in any quarter where expeditioIls had wintered. He fully aCreed with Captain lIatnilton thU :tlothing they had seen of late years led them to believe in the existence of a milder climate to the north. On the contrary as far as we could see, the further we went to the north the temperature was snore severe. The PRESIDENT concratulated thc Society on the admirable discllssion which had taken place; a more instructive discussion he had never lastened to. Their thanks were due to CaptaiIl Hamilton, and also to Sir Edward Belcher, Captain Osborn, and other Arctic officers for the able manner in which they had marshalled interesting; fants in support of their views. ADDITIO NAL NOTICES. (Printed by order of Council.)
doi:10.2307/1798940 fatcat:fvgg3hfg7zgbxh6e5yyxhrehfi