複数の両親による子育て
Child-Rearing by Multiple Parents:

Ayako Umetsu
2014 Asian and African Area Studies  
This paper analyzes the case of the "fostering" custom called ri'ko among the Hausa in northern Nigeria, and discusses how, in addition to the biological parents, "foster parents" can be crucial parent figures for a child's growth. Recently, multiple parentschild relationships, including non-biological relationships, are being discussed in kinship studies. However, the roles and characters of multiple parents may not be clearly pointed out yet. Among the Hausa, the relationship between
more » ... l parents and their child is officially guaranteed. Instead, "foster parents" traditionally behave as "guardians" with all responsibilities for the "foster child," and biological parents respect what "foster parents" do. In the present, because of expenses for schooling and modern medical treatment, it is hard for some "foster parents" to take all responsibilities for their "foster child." However "foster parents" manage and keep their pride with some kind of support from biological parents. The Hausa case in which "foster parents" and biological parents exist together as parents of a child is illustrative of multiple parents-child relationships in which each pair of parents is important. Goody 2007 Goody (1982 ; 2004a] .里親養育(fosterage/fostering children)とは,辞書上の意味では, 「法律 上の親になることなく,他者の子を自分の家族に一定期間引き入れること」である. 2) これは しばしば, 「他者の子を自分の家庭に引き入れ,法的にその子の親になること」を意味する養 子縁組(adoption.以下,養取と表記)とは区別される. 3) 1970 年頃から現在まで,西アフリカ民族誌学による〈里親養育〉研究は,オセアニア民族 誌学による〈養取〉研究[cf. Carroll 1970]と並んで盛んにおこなわれてきた.その主な内容 * 名古屋大学大学院文学研究科,Graduate School of Letters, Nagoya University 2013 年 9 月 10 日受付,2014 年 7 月 8 日受理
doi:10.14956/asafas.14.43 fatcat:slqiyisjzzelfnlvr72i4n7vnu