Research on Community Residents' Perception and Attitude towards Tourism Impacts in Ancient City of Xingcheng

Mei Han, Weikang Zhang, Huan Meng, Tong Zhang, Zhi Zhang
2017 Proceedings of the 2017 6th International Conference on Energy and Environmental Protection (ICEEP 2017)   unpublished
This paper employed the questionnaire method to research the community residents' perceptions and attitudes toward tourism impacts of residents in ancient city of Xingcheng. As indicated, the local residents believed that tourism development had not lead to environmental degradation, but improved community environment. Community residents adopted a neutral attitude on the negative influence of social cultural perception, which indicated that foreign culture had little influence on the local
more » ... ce on the local customs. Tourism increased employment and improved income level, which made community residents had a positive perception about the tourism economy. Price increasing had less impact on the community residents' life. Most local residents without highly educated are lack of capital and ability to participate in tourism operations, nevertheless they highly not only support the development of tourism, but also satisfy with the current situation of tourism. Literature Review Murphy proposed community residents to participate in tourism In 1985, since then more and more scholars have paid attention to it[1]. Winston Husbands elucidated it is correlative of the attitude of the residents toward the tourism industry with the development of the local tourism industry [2] . Simmons mentioned that a clean environment, well-educated residents and long-term heritage of virtue could enhance the image of local tourism and attract more tourists [3] . Christina Aas, Adele Ladkin, and John Fletcher concluded that the establishment of effective communication channels could improve the relationship between the stakeholders of the scenic spot and the local tourism industry, which was conducive to community residents to participate in tourism decision-making and management activities [4] . In China, Jie Li, Xiping Zhao indicated that the community residents participating in tourism, may have both positive and negative impacts on local people and environment [5] . Bao Jigang announced that the participation of community residents was great significance to the development of tourism [6] . Liu Jinghui proved that various problems would arise if the loss of community residents involved in the tourism process were ignored, so the advantages of community residents to participate in tourism couldn't be underestimated [7] . Song Peng proposed that community residents were important stakeholders, and tourism development could not be separated from the community [8] . Wang Qiong thought that the community residents' perception of the tourism impact played a vital role in the sustainable development of the scenic spot [9] . Jia Yanju said that encouraging community residents to participate in tourism development was an effective means to improve the positive impact of tourism and reduce the negative impact [10] .
doi:10.2991/iceep-17.2017.184 fatcat:easslw4hhvgxrj3zyup2nfrc6u