Collective Guilt Makes Conflicting Parties More Collaborative: Quasi-experimental Study of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict
Journal of Psychology Research
The objective of the study was to investigate the impact of collective guilt on preferences towards resolutions in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. The study was conducted in four different countries: Israel (proximate in-group implying a higher degree of identification with Israel) and the Baltic countries of Latvia, Lithuania, and Estonia (distal in-group implying a weaker identification with Israel). The participants were 240 persons representing the general Jewish population of Israel and
... tion of Israel and the Baltic countries. This research was the attempt to employ both the experimental and quasi-experimental methods to examine the role of collective guilt on preferences for Israeli-Palestinian conflict resolution strategies. In general, the study showed that collective guilt was facilitated by experimental manipulation. The greater collective guilt was provoked in groups with Israeli guilt and ambiguous information. Baltic respondents were more ready to accommodate and collaborate than Israeli respondents. In general, collective guilt and age facilitated a collaborating strategy, but the perceived legitimacy of group relationships and glorification predicted a competing strategy. The more one felt collective guilt, the greater the readiness was to cooperate. The stronger the identification with Jewish people, the less the readiness was to collaborate with the out-group.