Besifloxacin Ophthalmic Suspension 0.6% in the Treatment of Bacterial Keratitis: A Retrospective Safety Surveillance Study
Journal of Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Purpose: The objective of this study was to collect and evaluate retrospective safety information about the use of besifloxacin ophthalmic suspension 0.6% for the treatment of bacterial keratitis. Methods: This was a retrospective, postmarketing surveillance study conducted at 10 clinical centers in the United States. The study population included 142 patients treated with besifloxacin ophthalmic suspension 0.6% for bacterial keratitis in one or both eyes. For perspective, data on 85 patients
... ta on 85 patients treated at these centers with moxifloxacin ophthalmic solution 0.5% for bacterial keratitis were also included. The analysis was designed to measure the types and rates of adverse events (AEs) reported during the treatment of bacterial keratitis with besifloxacin ophthalmic suspension 0.6%. Other treatment outcomes of interest included the development of corneal scarring and corneal neovascularization, measured or presumed bacterial eradication, ending visual acuity, and duration of pain before and after treatment. Results: There was one reported AE of mild superficial punctate keratitis in a patient using besifloxacin ophthalmic suspension 0.6%. The difference in AE frequencies between groups was not significant (P > 0.999). Additional treatment outcomes were similar for both groups. Limitations of this report include the retrospective nature of the study. Conclusions: These retrospective data suggest that besifloxacin ophthalmic suspension 0.6% was well tolerated when included in the treatment of bacterial keratitis; no serious AEs were reported. A prospective clinical trial is needed to better isolate the contribution of besifloxacin to the therapeutic outcome and to confirm these observations.