Fluid secretory responses to enterotoxin STa and 8-bromo-cyclic GMP in fed and nutrionally-deprived gerbils: jejunum, ileum and colon in vivo
Fluid transport was measured gravimetrically in vivo in the jejunum, ileum and colon of fed, fasting (four days) and undernourished (50 % of control food intake for 21 days) gerbils (Gerbillus cheesmani). The effects of luminal enterotoxin Escherichia coli STa (50 ng/ml) and luminal 8-bromo-cyclic GMP (cGMP 1 mM) on fluid transport across jejunum, ileum and colon were also assessed. Fasting and undernourishment reversed the normal basal fluid absorption measured in fed ileum and colon into
... and colon into secretion. Neither fasting nor undernourishment had any effect on jejunal basal fluid absorption. In jejuna, ilea and colons of fed animals as well as in jejuna from fasting and undernourished gerbils STa (50 ng) reversed the normal absorptive "tone" to secretion but it had no significant effects on fluid secretion in either the ileum or colon from fasted gerbils. STa increased significantly the fluid secretion in ileum from undernourished gerbils. Luminal cGMP had no effect on basal absorptive tone in the jejunum of fed and fasted gerbils, but reversed absorption into secretion in the jejuna from undernourished gerbils. In the ilea taken from fed animals the small basal absorption was reversed to secretion by luminal cGMP. Although cGMP produced no significant changes in fluid secretion in the ilea taken from fasted gerbils, yet it caused a significant increase in those from undernourished gerbils. In the colon taken from fed animals cGMP decreased the basal fluid absorption significantly, but it had no significant effect on fluid secretion in the colon of fasted or undernourished gerbils. We conclude that fasting and undernourishment have no significant effects on fluid transport across the gerbil jejunum but reversed basal absorption in the fed ileum and colon into secretion. cGMP mimic the effects of STa in the jejunum taken from undernourished gerbils, in the ileum obtained under the three nutritional states and in the colon taken from fasting animals.